Instead of viewing absence of mental illness as good mental health, Siddhartha (later to be known as Buddha), raised the bar to aspire for a state of mental flourishing, where one arrives at a ʻcomplete cessation of sufferingʼ. According to Siddhartha, until one arrives at the true nature of reality, one is subject to uncertainty and hence, stress/grief/ pain – Suffering.
With systematic training of attention (shamatha), analyzing emotions (vipassana), and mindfulness (contemplating key concepts like impermanence) Siddhartha realized the true nature of phenomenon as it appears perceptually. Thanks to a long lineage of practitioners, Buddha eventually demonstrated that the ʻmind can be trained.ʼ Indian Scholars like Shantideva wrote from their experience that,ʻOne need not be a slave to emotions.ʼ Unfortunately, most of the knowledge systems were destroyed over the years and were not even missed. With the arrival of Tibetan Buddhist Scholars, Indian panditas & Mahasiddhas were re-cognized once again. Indians are in the process of re-claiming the lost heritage of Nagarjuna, Shantideva, Chandrakirti, Vasubandhu, Asanga, and other such masters of Wisdom, Meditation & Ethics.
The Nalanda Tradition is a lineage of Indian scholars who followed in the footsteps of the Buddha, achieving both, scholarly renown and experiential liberation. This tradition has been kept alive by a long lineage of Tibetan Buddhist Practitioners, and is now being offered back to India.